Although adoption and foster care can lead to positive outcomes for many children, families going through the adoptions process can be faced with varying challenges. Many children and young adults may experience significant life stress and trauma due to difficulty within the foster system, improper placements, and or neglectful or abusive foster parents and siblings. The adopted child may have a hard time adjusting and thus develop symptoms of PTSD, trauma or an attachment disorder. Even children who are placed in loving homes may have trouble adjusting with their conflicting feelings about being given up or having to assimilate to a new family system. Therapy is generally recommended for families seeking to foster or adopt a child. Families can prepare for any issues that may arise and learn how to cope with the child’s unique individual needs.